Mediating role of self-handicapping behaviors between academic Psychological Capital and academic performance among university students

Adnan Adil, Sadaf Ameer, Saba Ghayas, Sadia Niazi, Anam Yousaf

Accepted December 31, 2021

First published December 31, 2021


The present research explored the mediating role of self-handicapping behaviors between academic PsyCap and academic performance in a purposive sample of university undergraduates (N = 300). The components of academic PsyCap were operationalized through Life Orientation Test-Academics Scale, the self-efficacy subscale from Students’ Approach to Learning Scale, Academic Resilience Scale and Academic Hope Scale, while self-handicapping behaviors were assessed through Self-Handicapping Scale-Revised. Student’s cumulative grade point average (CGPAs) in the previous semesters provided the operationalization of their academic performance. The measurement model of the study revealed a good fit to the data and the structural model indicated positive direct effects of academic PsyCap and the negative effect of self-handicapping behaviors on academic performance. Self-handicapping behaviors mediated between academic PsyCap and CGPA such that academic PsyCap improved CGPA by reducing self-handicapping behaviors. Implications of the study and recommendations for future research have been reflected upon.


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Adil Adnan. Ameer Sadaf. Ghayas Saba. Niazi Sadia. Yousaf Anam. Mediating role of self-handicapping behaviors between academic Psychological Capital and academic performance among university students. BPA Applied Psychology Bulletin. 2021;292(1):2-12. doi:10.26387/bpa.292.1.

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Author Surname Author Initial. Title. Publication Title. Year Published;Volume number(Issue number):Pages Used. doi:DOI Number.

Adil Adnan. Ameer Sadaf. Ghayas Saba. Niazi Sadia. Yousaf Anam. Mediating role of self-handicapping behaviors between academic Psychological Capital and academic performance among university students. BPA Applied Psychology Bulletin. 2021;292(1):2-12. doi:10.26387/bpa.292.1.