Norms for Letter and Number Sequencing, Figure Weights and Cancellation subtests for the elderly Italian population

Lina Pezzuti, Serena Rossetti

Accepted August 31, 2017

First published August 31, 2017

Abstract

The administration of the three supplementary subtests Letter and Number Sequencing, Figure Weights and Cancellation in WAIS-IV to people over 69 years of age is not included in the scaling of any other countries around
the world. Since it was not possible to find a justification for this decision, the curators decided to administer all 15 subtests to people aged 70 to 90 during WAIS-IV scaling. This work presents the table converting raw scores into
weighted points for four age groups between the ages of 70 and 90. It also provides the reliability and the standard measurement errors of the three subtests for the four age groups. The usefulness to clinicians of using these subtests
among the elderly is discussed.

References

  • ADAIR, J.C., NA, D.L., SCHWARTZ, R.L. & HEILMAN, K.M.(1998). Analysis of primary and secondary influences on spatialneglect. Brain and Cognition, 37, 351-367.

  • BATE, A.J., MATHIAS, J.L. & CRAWFORD, J.R. (2001). Performanceon the test of everyday attention and standard tests ofattention following severe traumatic brain injury. The ClinicalNeuropsychologist, 15, 405-422.

  • CARROLL, J.B. (1993). Human cognitive abilities: A survey of factor-analytic studies. Cambridge, England: Cambridge UniversityPress.

  • CROWE, S.F. (2000). Does the letter number sequencing taskmeasure anything more than digit span? Assessment, 7, 113-117.

  • FOLK, C.L. & HOYER, W.J. (1992). Aging and shifts of visual spatialattention. Psychology and Aging, 7, 453-465.

  • GELDMACHER, D.S., FRITSCH, T. & RIEDEL, T.M. (2000).Effects of stimulus properties and age on random-array lettercancellation tasks. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, 7 (3),194-204.

  • GORSUCH, R.L. (1983). The theory of continuous norming. InR.L. Gorsuch (chair), Continuous norming: An alternative totabled norms? Symposium at the 91st Annual Convention of theAmerican Psychological Association, Anaheim, August 26-30.

  • GROTH-MARNAT, G. (2003). Handbook of psychological assessment(4th ed.). New York: Wiley.

  • ISTAT (Istituto Nazionale di Statistica) (2011). 15° Censimentogenerale della popolazione e delle abitazioni. In Internet (9 marzo2015): http://censimentopopolazione.istat.it.


  • KAUFMAN, A.S. & LICHTENBERGER, E.O. (1999). Essentials ofWAIS-III assessment. New York: Wiley.

  • KAUFMAN, A.S. & LICHTENBERGER, E.O. (2006). Assessingadolescent and adult intelligence (3rd ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

  • KYLLONEN, P.C. & CHRISTAL, R.E. (1990). Reasoning ability is(little more than) working memory capacity? Intelligence, 14 (4),389-433.

  • LEZAK, M.D., HOWIESON, D.B. & LORING, D.W. (2004).Neuropsychological assessment (4th ed.). New York: OxfordUniversity Press.

  • NA, D.L., ADAIR, J.C., KANG, Y., CHUNG, C.S., LEE, K.H. &HEILMAN, K.M. (1999). Motor perseverative behavior on a linecancellation task. Neurology, 52, 1569-1576.

  • NUNNALLY, J.C. & BERNSTEIN, H. (1994). Psychometric Theory.New York: McGraw-Hill.

  • ORSINI, A. & PEZZUTI, L. (2015). WAIS-IV. Contributo alla taraturaitaliana (70-90 anni). Firenze: Giunti O.S. Organizzazioni Speciali.

  • PEZZUTI, L. & ROSSETTI, S. (2017). Letter-Number Sequencing,Figure Weights, and Cancellation subtests of WAIS-IVadministered to elders. Personality and Individual Differences,104, 352-356.

  • PLUDE, D.J. & DOUSSARD-ROOSEVELT, J.A. (1989). Aging,selective attention, and feature integration. Psychology and Aging,4, 98-105.

  • RIBAUPIERRE, A. DE & LECERF, T. (2006). Relationships betweenworking memory and intelligence from a developmentalperspective: Convergent evidence from a neo-Piagetian anda psychometric approach. European Journal of CognitivePsychology, 18 (1), 109-137.

  • SATTLER, J.M. (2008). Resource guide to accompany assessment ofchildren: Cognitive foundations (5th ed.). San Diego, CA: Author.

  • SALTHOUSE, T.A. & PINK, J.E. (2008). Why is working memoryrelated to fluid intelligence? Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 15(2), 364-371.

  • YUAN, K.H. & BENTLER, P.M. (2000). Three likelihoos-basedmethods for mean and covariance structure analysis withnonnormal missing data. Sociological Methodology, 30, 165-200.

  • WEISS, L.G., SAKLOFSKE, D.H., COALSON, D.L. & RAIFORD, S.E.(2010). WAIS-IV Clinical Use and Interpretation. USA: Elsevier.

  • WOJCIULIK, E., HUSAIN, M., CLARKE, K. & DRIVER, J.(2001). Spatial working memory deficit in unilateral neglect.Neuropsychologia, 39, 390-396.

  • ZACHARY, R.A. & GORSUCH, R.L. (1985). Continuous norming:Implications for the WAIS-R. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 41(1), 86-94.


SHOW ALL REFERENCES (25)HIDE REFERENCES

Related articles

Article info

Cite the article:

Author Surname Author Initial. Title. Publication Title. Year Published;Volume number(Issue number):Pages Used. doi:DOI Number.


Pezzuti Lina. Rossetti Serena. Norms for Letter and Number Sequencing, Figure Weights and Cancellation subtests for the elderly Italian population. BPA Applied Psychology Bulletin. 2017;279(1):15-21.

Citation Tool

How to cite this article

Author Surname Author Initial. Title. Publication Title. Year Published;Volume number(Issue number):Pages Used. doi:DOI Number.


Pezzuti Lina. Rossetti Serena. Norms for Letter and Number Sequencing, Figure Weights and Cancellation subtests for the elderly Italian population. BPA Applied Psychology Bulletin. 2017;279(1):15-21.