The Italian adaptation of the WOrk-reLated Flow inventory (WOLF) to Sport: the I-WOLFS scale

Margherita Zito, Claudio Giovanni Cortese, Lara Colombo

Accepted April 30, 2018

First published April 30, 2018

https://doi.org/10.26387/bpa.281.4

Abstract

Flow at work is a state of consciousness characterized by absorption, enjoyment and intrinsic motivation. Optimal experiences are crucial in sport since athletes link performances and achievement to psychological states. This study aims to adapt to sport the Italian version of the WOrk-reLated Flow inventory (I-WOLF). Factorial validity of the adapted scale was assessed by exploratory factor analysis (N = 132) and confirmatory factor analysis (N = 161). Participants are professional athletes. The exploratory factor analysis showed a three-factor structure with one item of intrinsic motivation loading on the enjoyment factor. The confirmatory factor analysis finally deleted this item, resulting a 12-item structure which preserves the original 3-factor structure: Absorption, Sport Enjoyment and Intrinsic Motivation. The adaptation of the I-WOLF scale to sport resulted a reliably instrument to measure flow at work among athletes, giving an important empirical contribute to both work and organizational psychology and sport psychology.

The Italian adaptation of the WOrk-reLated Flow inventory (WOLF) to Sport: the I-WOLFS scale

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Zito Margherita. Cortese Claudio Giovanni. Colombo Lara. The Italian adaptation of the WOrk-reLated Flow inventory (WOLF) to Sport: the I-WOLFS scale. BPA Applied Psychology Bulletin. 2018;281(1):38-45. doi:10.26387/bpa.281.1.

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Zito Margherita. Cortese Claudio Giovanni. Colombo Lara. The Italian adaptation of the WOrk-reLated Flow inventory (WOLF) to Sport: the I-WOLFS scale. BPA Applied Psychology Bulletin. 2018;281(1):38-45. doi:10.26387/bpa.281.1.