Italian validation of the Approach-Avoidance Temperament Questionnaire

Alessandra Monni

Accepted April 30, 2019

First published April 30, 2019

https://doi.org/10.26387/bpa.284.3

Abstract

Our aim is to contribute to the Italian validation of the Approach-Avoidance Temperament Questionnaire
(ATQ), an instrument devoted to evaluate approach and avoidance temperaments according to the Approach-Avoidance
Temperament Model (Elliot & Thrash, 2002, 2010). We performed an exploratory factor analysis (EFA) in an university
students’ pilot sample (Sample 1, n = 98) and a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) in an adults’ convenience sample
(Sample 2, n = 360). We evaluated the invariance across gender and education and we explored the convergent validity
with the BIS-BAS scale. The ATQ reported an a-priori two-factor structure in the EFA, that was confirmed in the CFA,
satisfactory internal reliability, invariance across gender and education and convergence with the BIS-BAS scale. Even
though our results await to be confirmed in larger and diversified samples, the ATQ appears to be a valid, reliable and
parsimonious instrument to measure approach-avoidance temperaments.

Italian validation of the Approach-Avoidance Temperament Questionnaire

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Monni Alessandra . Italian validation of the Approach-Avoidance Temperament Questionnaire. BPA Applied Psychology Bulletin. 2019;284(1):20-30. doi:10.26387/bpa.284.1.

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Author Surname Author Initial. Title. Publication Title. Year Published;Volume number(Issue number):Pages Used. doi:DOI Number.


Monni Alessandra . Italian validation of the Approach-Avoidance Temperament Questionnaire. BPA Applied Psychology Bulletin. 2019;284(1):20-30. doi:10.26387/bpa.284.1.